Commonly known as tooth decay, dental carries is a major oral health problem nationwide. This avoidable ailment though not fatal, can lead to bad health. When your teeth and gums are consistently exposed to large amounts of starches and sugars, acids may form that begin to eat away at tooth enamel. Carbohydrate-rich foods such as candy, cookies, soft drinks and even fruit juices leave deposits on your teeth. Those deposits bond with the bacteria that normally survive in your mouth and form plaque. The combination of deposits and plaque forms acids that can damage the mineral structure of teeth, with tooth decay resulting.
The teeth react differently to different temperatures. They will contract or expand depending on the temperature they are subjected to. Some people find cold or hot drinks and foods very painful to the teeth. This sensitivity is caused by receding gum lines, spongy teeth, exposed nerve endings, the wearing away of the protective outer layer of the teeth known as enamel, etc. Just a simple act of taking a breath of cold air can be agonizing for those with hypersensitive teeth.
This is commonly known as gum disease. It can lead to injury to the bone structure and subsequent loss of teeth. The onset of periodontal disease presents as gingivitis, and characterized by inflammation, swelling, redness and bleeding. As it translates to full-blown periodontitis, there is gum shrinkage and loosening of the tooth. The tooth may fall out by itself or your pediatric dentist may decide to remove it. Gum disease is an avoidable disease, which can be prevented by maintaining a healthy oral habit of flossing and brushing the teeth four times daily. A clear sign of periodontal disease is halitosis (bad breath), or a mouth that tastes bad.
The formal name for Canker Sores is Aphthous Ulcer. They manifest as recurring tiny sores inside the mouth and can last from 1 to 2 weeks. A gray white base inside a reddish border marks the sore. You can use topical agents or antimicrobial mouthwashes to reduce the length of time canker sores stay in the mouth.
Malocclusion is an orthodontic condition where the upper teeth do not meet properly with the lower teeth, therefore resulting in a bad bite. This orthodontic problem is characterized by crowded teeth, extra teeth, misaligned jaws, or missing teeth. The causes include accidents, genetic inheritance, and a prolonged period of finger/thumb sucking and tongue thrusting.